Fundamental Rights Of A Citizen

Rights are referred to as the privileges people are entitled to because they belong to the country. Every citizen has certain rights, usually stated in the country’s constitution. The rights of a citizen don’t depend on the tribe, creed, and gender of the individual.

These rights are generally known as fundamental human rights. Rights are the benefits given by the government to her citizens to enjoy. So, fundamental human rights are basic rights and freedoms considered essential to human dignity and well-being. These rights are inherent to all human beings, regardless of their race, nationality, gender, religion, or any other status.

Also, these rights are considered to be universal because they apply to every person in every country, regardless of their political, economic, or social circumstances. Governments are responsible for protecting and promoting these rights, and individuals have to respect the rights of others.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948, identifies a broad range of fundamental human rights. These rights of a citizen are given below.

Read: Limitations of human rights

Examples of Rights of a Citizen

The specific rights that a citizen may have can vary depending on the country and its legal system. However, some common rights that citizens typically have in many countries include:

  • The right to vote and participate in democratic processes.
  • The right to freedom of speech and expression.
  • The right to freedom of religion and belief.
  • The right to freedom of the press and media.
  • The right to a fair trial and due process of law.
  • The right to privacy and protection from unreasonable searches and seizures.
  • The right to own property and pursue economic opportunities.
  • The right to assemble and protest peacefully.
  • The right to education and access to information.
  • The right to equal protection under the law and freedom from discrimination.
  • The right to life, liberty, and security of a person
  • The right to work and healthcare

Bolarinwa Olajire

A tutor with a demonstrated history of working in the education industry. Skilled in analytical skills. Strong education professional with a M. SC focused in condensed matter. You can follow me on Twitter by clicking on the icon below to ask questions.
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