School Courses And Requirements

Medicine and Surgery In Nigeria | Guide

This article will guide you on how to become a medical doctor and all you need to study medicine and surgery in Nigeria.

image doctor

Medicine is the science and “art” of maintaining and/or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of patients (i.e. Humans and Animals). The term is derived from the Latin word ‘ars medicina’ meaning the art of healing.

Contemporary medicine applies health science, biomedical research, and medical technology to diagnose and treat injury and disease typically through medication, surgery, or some other form of therapy.

A person who studied medicine is called a Medical Doctor.

Branches of Medicine and surgery

Surgery- is a branch that uses operative, manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance, or sometimes for some other reasons.

Gynecology- is a branch that deals with the diseases and routine physical care of the reproductive system of women.

Cardiology- is a branch that deals with the heart, its actions and diseases.

Pediatrics – is a branch that deals with the development, care and diseases of children.

Radiology – is a branch concerned with the use of radiant energy (as X-rays) or radioactive materials in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases.

Universities in Nigeria awarding MBBS

  • Ambrose Ali University
  • ABSU
  • Ahmadu Bello University
  • Afe Babalola University Ado-Ekiti
  • University of Abuja
  • Babcock University
  • Bayero University Kano
  • University of Benin
  • Bowen University
  • BSU
  • COOU
  • University of Calabar
  • Delta State University
  • Ebonyi State University
  • EKSU
  • GSU
  • University of Ibadan
  • University of Ilorin
  • Imo State University
  • University of Jos
  • KSU
  • University of Lagos
  • Lagos State University
  • Ladoke Akintola University of Technology
  • Madonna University
  • University of Maiduguri
  • Niger Delta University
  • NTNU
  • Obafemi Awolowo University
  • Olabisi Onabanjo University
  • University of Port-Harcourt
  • Usman Danfodio University
  • Nnmadi Azikwe University
  • University of Nigeria
  • University of Uyo

Out of the above Universities, I will pick out the top medical Universities.

Top Medical Schools in Nigeria

  • University of Ibadan (UI)
  • Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU IFE)
  • University Of Ilorin (UNILORIN)
  • Ahmadu Bello University Zaria (ABU Zaria)
  • University Of Lagos (UNILAG)
  • University of Benin (Great UNIBEN)
  • Lagos State University (LASU)
  • University Of Nigeria Nsukka (UNN)
  • Delta State University Abraka (DELSU)
  • Niger Delta University (NDU)

JAMB subject combination for Medicine

  • English Language
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Physics

I do advice students to aim at scoring more than 250 in UTME for them to stand a chance of securing admission to study medicine.

Subject required to study Medicine and surgery

To study the above course, you must have at least five credits which must include

  • Mathematics
  • English
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology

How many years does it take to study medicine and Surgery in Nigeria?

Medicine and Surgery is one the best most competitive medical courses to get access to in Nigeria. However, candidates who made the core admission requirements are offered admission into 6 or 5-year program depending on Mode of entry (UTME or DE). After the 6 years, you will do one (1) year house job.

And that is why most people say it will take you 7 years to study medicine and surgery in Nigeria if your mode of admission is UTME and 6 years if it is Direct Entry.


Doctors – State and Federal hospitals, Health Centers, Clinics, Schools (Sick Bay), Multinational companies, etc.


  • The profession is very time consuming.
  • Risk to life (i.e. from the family members of patients) in case of the inability to save a patient’s life.
  • Risk of exposure to certain infectious diseases e.g. HIV even as Doctors
  • Risk of exposure to radiation in the case of Radiology.

Other Related Resources

Medical Related Courses that can make you study Medicine and Surgery

The above link will give you details of the alternative courses that can help you to study medicine. It was written for those that may have to change their course because they were not offered admission to study medicine initially.

How I Was Offered Admission To Study Medicine And Surgery in OOU

If you are looking for a true story of the steps a candidate took to secure his place at OOU to study medicine and surgery, the above link give you the story.

Subjects in first-year MBBS

Bolarinwa Olajire

A tutor with a demonstrated history of working in the education industry. Skilled in analytical skills. Strong education professional with a M. SC focused in condensed matter. You can follow me on Twitter by clicking on the icon below to ask questions.

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