The consequences of human trafficking will be discussed in this article and the meaning of it. According to World Health Organization (WHO), human trafficking is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.’
These consequences are categorized into
- Physical consequences
- Social consequences
- Psychological consequence
Consequences of Human Trafficking
- Physical attributes leaves them with eye damage, lung disease, stunted growth and a susceptibility to arthritis as they grow older.
- Sexual and reproductive health problems (e.g. STIs)
- Some victims may die during the journey because of health problem they developed during the journey
- The victims are stigmatized when they are with their masters and even when they return home due to the inhuman acts they are exposed to.
- The victims of trafficking experience poor mental health. Psychological consequences include depression; post-traumatic stress disorder and other anxiety disorders; thoughts of suicide; and somatic conditions including disabling physical pain or dysfunction.
- Social isolation – they are separated from their loved ones through restriction and prevention from family contact. Also, they experience emotional manipulation by the use of threats and false promises to prevent them from their loved ones.
- The victim experience economic exploitation. Trafficked people have no say on what they earn; they are only given token as it pleases their master.
- They are denied access to quality education, by this they are denied access to everything education has to offer them.
- The victims of human trafficking are not respected in the society and these activities bring shame to their families.
- Trafficked people are often treated as violators of migration, labour or prostitution laws and held in detention centres or imprisoned as illegal immigrants.
- The victims may become a danger to the society